Located in the city of Santos-SP, this port is the largest in Brazil and one of the busiest in Latin America, currently serving 26 Brazilian states. The Porto de Santos is especially important for São Paulo state’s economy, around 90% of its industrial base is located in a radius of 200 kilometers from the port. The port is also responsible for 28% of Brazilian foreign trade.
Even though Santos is the most important port of the country, it is the one that has the highest number of problems, especially related with the workforce. The work schedules are always incorrect and burden the professionals. Also the workers are constantly unsatisfied, and therefore organising a lot of strikes.
Among the most marketed products at this port are sugar, soy, containerised cargo, coffee, corn, wheat, salt, citrus pulp, orange juice, paper, automobiles and alcohol.
The Porto de Santos is currently administered by the Companhia Docas do Estado de São Paulo (Codesp).
Is the largest Brazilian port exporting agricultural products, with emphasis on soybeans and soybean meal. However the port is currently saturated, and is not following the growth of the Brazilian agriculture. The port lacks structure to handle the current volume of exports.
Another related problem is the access routes that lead to the port, where the trucks wait in line for days until they get the opportunity to ship. Some of them can even wait for a month.
The port has also received several complaints about its irregularities when it comes to the compliance with environmental and sanitary measures.
As the second largest Brazilian port, it mainly receives ships from United States, China, Japan, South Korea and Paraguay.
This port is administered by the Superintendent of the Port of Itajai, local authority of the city of Itajai in Santa Catarina state. The main exported products are wood, ceramic flooring, machinery, sugar, paper and tobacco. The main imports are wheat, chemicals, motors, textiles, paper, chicken and ceramic flooring.
The big problem about Itajaí is the constant floods that happen in the region, bringing difficulties to its work dynamics and needing rebuilding and reform every now and then. Also, the accessing routes to the port are currently saturated.
Located in the city of Candeias, in the region known as Baía de Todos os Santos, the Porto de Aratu is of great importance to the Bahia state economy. The port is administrated by the Companhia Docas do Estado da Bahia (Codeba).
The Port of Aratu receives and drains the industrial production of Bahia, most coming from the Northeastern Complex of Camaçari. The main products that circulate in the port are transport gasoline, sulfur, ammonia, naphtha, fertiliser, copper concentrate and coal.
Administrated by the Company of Maranhão Port Administration (Emap), the Porto de Itaqui is located in the city of São Luís, the capital of the Northern Maranhão state.
From this port the following products are discharged: petroleum products, fertilisers, general cargo, rice, wheat, LPG, vegetable oil, rails, anthracite and lots of projects. Exported products are aluminum, copper, ethanol, pig iron, soybean meal, manganese ore and soybeans.
Even though it is located in a strategic area of the country and receiving a lot of investment, Itaqui is in a terrible state, lacking several reforms in its structure.